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Is deemed to comprise the main behavioural reaction to the presence of the predator in D. pulex: thus, Chaoborus-induced specimens prefer shallower depths in comparison to control specimens [32, 33]. Chaoborus is an ambush predator, such that Daphnia is also expected to reduce its swimming speed, although in the case ofD. pulex this habit is displayed only by some clones [34?6] (LCW, unpublished o
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S reach preferred prey size of their gape-limited predators [10, 13, 29, 37, 38]. Based on the experimental evidence we can make the following predictions regarding the underlying functional classes of effector genes that might contribute to Daphnia's anti-predatory response (Fig. 1): 1. the structural changes in the cuticle are expected to mirror changes in the amounts/types of cuticle-associated
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S reach preferred prey size of their gape-limited predators [10, 13, 29, 37, 38]. Based on the experimental evidence we can make the following predictions regarding the underlying functional classes of effector genes that might contribute to Daphnia's anti-predatory response (Fig. 1): 1. the structural changes in the cuticle are expected to mirror changes in the amounts/types of cuticle-associated
1
S reach preferred prey size of their gape-limited predators [10, 13, 29, 37, 38]. Based on the experimental evidence we can make the following predictions regarding the underlying functional classes of effector genes that might contribute to Daphnia's anti-predatory response (Fig. 1): 1. the structural changes in the cuticle are expected to mirror changes in the amounts/types of cuticle-associated
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Le defences. Inducible defences are interpreted as adaptations to heterogeneous predation risks and are found in many?2015 Rozenberg et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is pro
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Is deemed to comprise the main behavioural reaction to the presence of the predator in D. pulex: thus, Chaoborus-induced specimens prefer shallower depths in comparison to control specimens [32, 33]. Chaoborus is an ambush predator, such that Daphnia is also expected to reduce its swimming speed, although in the case ofD. pulex this habit is displayed only by some clones [34?6] (LCW, unpublished o
1
Is deemed to comprise the main behavioural reaction to the presence of the predator in D. pulex: thus, Chaoborus-induced specimens prefer shallower depths in comparison to control specimens [32, 33]. Chaoborus is an ambush predator, such that Daphnia is also expected to reduce its swimming speed, although in the case ofD. pulex this habit is displayed only by some clones [34?6] (LCW, unpublished o
1
Is deemed to comprise the main behavioural reaction to the presence of the predator in D. pulex: thus, Chaoborus-induced specimens prefer shallower depths in comparison to control specimens [32, 33]. Chaoborus is an ambush predator, such that Daphnia is also expected to reduce its swimming speed, although in the case ofD. pulex this habit is displayed only by some clones [34?6] (LCW, unpublished o