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Le defences. Inducible defences are interpreted as adaptations to heterogeneous predation risks and are found in many?2015 Rozenberg et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is pro
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Le defences. Inducible defences are interpreted as adaptations to heterogeneous predation risks and are found in many?2015 Rozenberg et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is pro
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Is deemed to comprise the main behavioural reaction to the presence of the predator in D. pulex: thus, Chaoborus-induced specimens prefer shallower depths in comparison to control specimens [32, 33]. Chaoborus is an ambush predator, such that Daphnia is also expected to reduce its swimming speed, although in the case ofD. pulex this habit is displayed only by some clones [34?6] (LCW, unpublished o
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Le defences. Inducible defences are interpreted as adaptations to heterogeneous predation risks and are found in many?2015 Rozenberg et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is pro
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He above mentioned pathways; 4. all levels of the response must ultimately be controlled by cascades of receptors, humoral factors, signalling pathways and transcription factors. Currently, the technique of choice suitable for addressing response patterns in gene expression at a genomewide level with potentially unlimited depth of coverage is RNA-Seq [39?1]. The availability of the D. pulex draftF
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He above mentioned pathways; 4. all levels of the response must ultimately be controlled by cascades of receptors, humoral factors, signalling pathways and transcription factors. Currently, the technique of choice suitable for addressing response patterns in gene expression at a genomewide level with potentially unlimited depth of coverage is RNA-Seq [39?1]. The availability of the D. pulex draftF
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S reach preferred prey size of their gape-limited predators [10, 13, 29, 37, 38]. Based on the experimental evidence we can make the following predictions regarding the underlying functional classes of effector genes that might contribute to Daphnia's anti-predatory response (Fig. 1): 1. the structural changes in the cuticle are expected to mirror changes in the amounts/types of cuticle-associated
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Ression was assessed with tiling microarrays and was restricted to the second juvenile instar, after the onset of neck-teeth production. Here we aimed at providing the first whole-genome analysis of gene expression changes involved in formation of predatorinduced defences in D. pulex. To accomplish this, we apply the most versatile technique to study transcriptomes, RNA-Seq and focus on the first